After the release of the egg from the follicle, the follicle transforms to structure known as corpus luteum which starts releasing a hormone called progesterone along with estrogen, this maintains the thickened uterine lining waiting for a fertilized egg to implant. If pregnancy occurs, your body will produce a hormone known as human chorionic gonadotropin (HSG). This hormone is detected on the pregnancy test kit. If pregnancy does not occur, the corpus luteum will shrink and die (This will happen usually around day 22 in a 28 day cycle). This will lead to a drop in the level of progesterone and estrogen causing the lining of the uterus to shed off which is known as menstruation. This phase lasts for about 11 – 17 days, averagely 14days. WHEN ARE YOU MOST FERTILE? Theoretically, there’s only a short time when a woman can get pregnant; and that is the time around ovulation. It’s difficult to highlight exactly when ovulation happens and it’s not accurate to say that all women are fertile on day 14 of the menstrual cycle but this might be true for women who have a regular 28 day cycle but it won’t apply to women whose cycles are shorter or longer. You are most fertile during ovulation which is around 2weeks after the first day of your period for a 28 day cycle length.
THE TAKE HOME! It is important for every woman to be conversant with her cycle including; when I am most likely to get pregnant? When you get your period, how long they last, knowing what time of the month when you are home with your ovulation signs. What is my cervical mucus telling me? Adapting to the hormonal changes your body goes through during your cycle your cervical mucus also changes in consistency and quantity you will be able to tell if you’re ovulating. Just by looking at your cervical fluid around the time of ovulation they become thinner and stretchy, a bit like raw egg white. References: Menstrual cycle https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/menstrual-cycle
Your menstrual cycle https://rubycup.com/all-about-your-period/menstrual-cycle/
Stages of menstrual cycle https://www.healthline.com/health/womens-health/stages-of-menstrual-cycle#menstrual